A Career in Phlebotomy


Phlebotomists are professionals that draw blood and transport it to the laboratory for processing. Mostly half of these jobs are in the hospitals. Being a phlebotomist is a basic technician position that requires knowledge and understanding on anatomy and physiology to locate the veins as well. Phlebotomist’s draws blood from patients or donors in the hospital, blood bank or any facility for either analysis or medical purposes. They will first assemble the equipments needed like tourniquets, needles, needle containers, blood collection devices, gauze, cotton, alcohol and work tray.

These requirements depend on different tests and procedures. Phlebotomist’s also verifies and records the identity of the patient or donor and talks to the patient, explaining everything to keep them more relaxed and comfortable. The phlebotomist then applies a tourniquet on the patient’s arm, locates the most accessible vein, disinfects the puncture site, and inserts the needle into the vein to draw blood into the collection tube. They will then withdraw the needle, apply treatment to the puncture site, labels and stores the blood container for processing.

 Phlebotomists generally work 5-days a week, 40 hours a week that includes weekends, night shifts and even holidays. Shift works are also required in the hospital. Other place of work includes outpatient laboratories and blood banks. This career requires a lot of walking and standing.

In becoming a phlebotomist, having a phlebotomist training and education is the first step to take. After completing the training program, the certification exam is another step in becoming certified phlebotomists. This exam is given by an accrediting body of the state like the American Society of Phlebotomy Technicians. They offer a comprehensive exam that test on all areas of phlebotomy. This knowledge also includes areas on anatomy and physiology, the circulatory system and different tests and procedures. Hands on training are also an important asset after the certification that can be done in any hospitals and clinics. Depending on the State, certification may or may not be required. But having a certification is mostly recommended by health care employers. This will prove that one has taken up all the trainings before completing the process of having a certification.

The annual average phlebotomist salary can range around $24,000 to $40,000. The job outlook for phlebotomists is excellent. The job opportunities in this field are still expected to grow faster compared to other average occupations. Phlebotomists are in high demands and a lot of vacancies are still there that makes phlebotomy an excellent career to break into. The demand for these phlebotomists also increases as the advancements in the medical and laboratory field increases. Hospitals need phlebotomists and it is expected to grow faster in medical laboratories. The phlebotomist’s salary depends on the level of experiences, education, location of the employment and the geographic location. The salary also differs from one state to another. If one has supervisory positions for phlebotomists it starts around $35,000. The earnings of these phlebotomists vary like in physician offices, these phlebotomists earn $30,000. In medical laboratories they earn $30,000 and in Hospitals $32,000.

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